Comprehensive Infographic about the Russian Intervention in Syria — December 2015 Update

by Louis Martin-Vézian of CIGeography (Facebook / Twitter). Louis, thank you very much for your time-consuming research and all the work, which you have dedicated to this project. Additional, we like to thank Arto Pulkki and Abraxas Spa for additional information.

Tuesday, November 24, 2015, a Turkish Air Force F-16 fighter jet shot down a Russian Sukhoi Su-24M near the Syria–Turkey border. In reaction to the downing, Russia deployed among other equipment the guided missile cruiser Moskva armed with S-300F (SA-N-6 Grumble) long-range SAM missiles closer to the Syrian coast near Latakia and a S-400 Triumf (SA-21 Growler) mobile SAM system to Khmeimim airbase. Consequently, due to the visible signs of Russia’s expansion of the campaign in Syria, an update of our comprehensive infographic was necessary.

In this December 2015 update, Louis added the ranges for each of the S-400 missile types, new radar and electronic warfare equipment, from Russian air bases launched strategic bombers striking Syrian targets during November 2015, Turkish deployment after the downing of the Su-24M, some additional ships and logistic elements.

Important: The version below has been updated again on December 11, 2015: The date of the downing of the Russian SU-24M was wrong — fixed (thanks to @atral54ru). The Varshavyanka-class (Project 636, which is an improved Kilo-class) Rostov-na-donu submarine (B-237), which launched the Kalibr-PL cruise missile, has been added. There are now eight instead of four Sukhoi Su-34 stationed in Syria.

Version 2.1 - 20151211. Click on the infographic for a high-resolution version with a size of 2520×4344.

Version 2.1 – 20151211. Click on the infographic for a high-resolution version with a size of 2520×4344.

 
Supplementary information on certain Russian weapons systems

The Russian "PM-56" or "PM-138" - Amur class floating workshop in the Russian naval facility in Tartus, June 04, 2014 (identified by Chris B. - thanks!).

The Russian “PM-56” or “PM-138” – Amur class floating workshop in the Russian naval facility in Tartus, June 04, 2014 (identified by Chris B. – thanks!).

 
Supplementary information on certain Turkish weapons systems

  • HX77 KORAL EW suit: KORAL stands for “Land Based Radar Electronic Warfare System” which is composed of one Radar Electronic Support and four Radar Electronic Attack systems all mounted on 8×8 tactical military vehicles. It is controlled from Operation Control Units, which houses the operators. The system is built by NATO standards and provides NBC protection for the crew (Source: @Saturn5_).
  • M-60T Sabra Mk.II: an extensively upgraded M60 Patton tank, developed by Israel Military Industries.
KORAL Land Based Radar Electronic Warfare System.

KORAL Land Based Radar Electronic Warfare System.

 
The Russian bombardment campaign during November 17-20, 2015
In response of the downing of the Russian Metrojet Flight 9268 in the North Sinai Governorate, Russia intensified its bombardment campaign against positions of the terror organisation “Islamic State“, during November 17-20, conducting more than 90 sorties from Syrian air bases per day. They were supported by strategic bombers (TU-22M3, Tu-95MS and Tu-160) stationed on Russian air bases (Engels, Olenya and Mozdok Air Base). Additionally the Caspian Flotilla fired 18 sea-based long-range Kalibr cruise missiles at seven targets (“Meeting with Defence Ministry heads on Russia’s operations in Syria“, President of Russia, 20.11.2015).

CUVKC5qXIAAFVix.jpg large

 
Shayrat Air Base — the development of an additional airbase for Russia’s operations?
Based on the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and an anonymous U.S. official, Russia is probably developing an additional air base southeast of Homs (Shayrat Air Base; John Davison, Mark Hosenball, Ludmila Danilova and Ralph Boulton, “Syrian Observatory – Russia expands air base near Homs, uses another in the province“, Reuters, 03.12.2015; Dan Urchick and Christopher Kozak, “Russia Reportedly Expands Syria Footprint with New Air Base“, Institute for the Study of War, 01.12.2015). Furthermore, there are rumours spreading around that Russia will increase the number of its planes to over 100 to meet the needs of the ground forces… we will see.

 
More information

This entry was posted in English, Intelligence, International, Louis Martin-Vézian, Russia, Security Policy, Syria, Turkey.

5 Responses to Comprehensive Infographic about the Russian Intervention in Syria — December 2015 Update

  1. damian says:

    Please check the link for the high res graphic as what I’m getting is not high res

    thanks,
    damian

  2. jayC says:

    one thing about the s400 SAMs, if they are located around latakia/hmeymim air base, they can’t detect turkish air movements in the north and others in the east in “low” heights till 1500m or even more. which was used for the ambush of the su-24 in november, as some media claimed.

    so why aren’t the russians use tactical reconnaissance with Su-24MR or even AWACS with A-50 (such planes can assign targets to s400)? to

  3. Chinese copycat in “Weaponry Modern”:

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    12496516_1990870307805576_1949222340500820013_o

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